More than 250 kinds of different parasites can survive in the human body! According to WHO statistics, around 4. 5 billion people are infected with parasites, and that number includes not only residents of "Third World" countries, but it has been found that more than 30% of all European residents are carriers. A person can live in peace and not even suspect that the intruders have already settled in his body. So maybe they are safe as they are not annoying? But even taking this opinion into account, it is necessary to identify parasites, determine their type and find out how parasitoses are treated and what can become of negligence.
Why can parasites start?
How do parasites appear in the human body, after all, they cannot come from the air? In fact, the mechanism of infection is simple - most often, unwashed hands become the cause of the infection, from where the larvae enter the gastrointestinal tract (gastrointestinal tract), where they successfully grow up and remain in the human body, safely devouring everythingmost valuable in it: vitamins and minerals. . .
In some cases, the parasite gets to a person through sexual contact. Here's how you can get infected with trichomoniasis, pinworms and ploshchitsy (popularly - pubic lice). There is a high risk of infection from pets and hygiene items (washcloths, towels).
It is easy to see that the causes of parasites in the body are quite prosaic. In most cases, children will be infected unless the infection is naturally transmitted sexually.
We figured out the reasons, now we will find out what signs of parasites in the body will tell you to start treatment.
How to determine the presence of parasites in the body
When the vital activity of the "neighbors" is asymptomatic, some signs of parasites in the human body can still be detected without special diagnosis. These characters include:
- General weakness, because the body does not receive essential substances and supplies them with parasites;
- White discharge in women indicates trichomoniasis;
- Developmental delay in children;
- The appearance on the skin of allergic rashes and dermatitis;
- Mental exhaustion with prolonged infection.
While these signs are only indirect clues to the presence of parasites, they can be an important reason for a complete diagnosis.
For many years, the diagnosis of parasites in the human body was limited only to the analysis of feces for the presence of roundworm eggs. This approach made it possible to determine the infection only in the end-stage of the disease. Currently the diagnosis has improved significantly. To identify parasites in the body, this type of research is used today:
- ELISA or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Allows the presence of the corresponding antibodies to be detected.
- Blood copy;
- ART - vegetative resonance test;
- Bioresonance therapy.
Private clinics are offering more and more new methods, devices for diagnosing parasitosis. Therefore, it is very important to seek advice from an immunologist. The specialist will explain how to examine the body for parasites in the most informative way.
It is very important to identify the presence of parasites in a timely manner. Their prolonged stay in the body can adversely affect human life. There are common cases where infection is fatal.
Are all parasites harmful to humans?
Recently, scientists have begun studying the relationship of autoimmune diseases to the vital activity of parasitic worms. The conclusions of the US researchers were shocked!
It turned out that the parasites living in the human body can also be useful by stimulating the immune system.
For many centuries people have lived with parasites and form a specific symbiosis. Now that the number of people infected has dropped significantly, people are more prone to autoimmune diseases.
Beneficial parasites in the human body activate their own immune regulation, giving the host double protection. In this way, intestinal worms can suppress inflammatory processes in the body. Research into this relationship continues to this day. It is impossible to predict what other discoveries they will bring.
Types of parasites
All parasites in the human body are conditionally divided into subgroups according to the nature of their effect on the body. Types of parasites in the human body, as well as the symptoms and treatment of parasites in the human body:
|Name of the parasite in humans||Harmful effects||Symptoms||How to kill parasites in the body||Infection Mechanism|
|Helminths||They have a depressing effect on the intestinal flora. Disrupt the metabolism and prevent the absorption of nutrients.||Rash, enlarged lymph nodes, liver and spleen, jaundice, fever.||A number of special anthelmintics are used for treatment.||Through food, common hygiene articles, through close contact with animals.|
|roundworm||They cause the development of a number of diseases of the intestines, gallbladder and lungs.||Low fever, diarrhea (in the initial stages), dry cough, acute allergic reactions.||Parasites die of their own accord after a year because they cannot multiply in the body. Anthelmintics are used in treatment.||As a result of poor hygiene.|
|Mushrooms||They can be a trigger for oncological diseases.||White plaque on the mucous membranes, redness and peeling of the skin, itching in the affected area.||Treatment depends on the location of the fungus. Fungal medicines are offered in the form of ointments, medicinal shampoos and special treatment solutions.||Transferred via common objects. Healthy areas from the infected are affected.|
|Pinworms||Adversely affect the intestines.||Anal itching, allergies, nausea and vomiting.||It is treated with anthelmintics.||Failure to observe personal hygiene along with food.|
|Giardia||Affects the host's liver.||Indigestion, periodic fever, diarrhea.||Enzyme preparations, choleretics, antibiotics. Antihistamine treatment.||Through household items, along with groceries.|
|Chlamydia||They contribute to the development of diabetes and infertility, destroy the liver and affect the pancreas.||In women, it is almost asymptomatic - urination may become more frequent. In men, it manifests itself as urethritis, white discharge, and painful urination.||AntibioticsThe treatment of the sexual partner is mandatory.||Unprotected sexual intercourse. Rarely - through personal hygiene items.|
|Trichomonas||They affect the oral cavity, disrupt the functioning of the genitourinary system and the intestines. The host's vasculature also suffers. Can provoke oncology.||Cuts when urinating, foamy discharge from the external genital organs of men and women.||Antibiotics, immunomodulators, enzymes. Local external treatment: women with vaginal suppositories, men with an antiseptic solution.||Sexually Transmitted Disease.|
|Toxoplasma||Affects the mucous membranes, causes dysfunction of the genitourinary system and intestines. Long-term "living together" is associated with intellectual disabilities.||It is asymptomatic or disguised as various diseases. Revealed with a full exam.||Etiotropic treatment, immunomodulators, antihistamines, toxoplasmotherapy.||With meat and vegetables. When a pregnant woman is infected, the baby becomes infected in the uterus. Domestic cat infection.|
|Fascioliasis||Cause hepatitis and produce allergic reactions.||Symptoms of allergy against a background of general malaise. The chronic form is characterized by pain in the liver.||Antihistamines, calcium chloride. If complications arise, hepatitis is treated.||With meat, unwashed herbs and untreated water.|
This list of parasites in the human body will help you know when to see a doctor. An infectious disease specialist will prescribe treatment depending on the type of parasite in the human body. You should not postpone a doctor's appointment and wait for complications - any disease is easier to cure in the early stages.