Worms are parasitic worms that live in the human body. It is known that there are about three hundred species of helminths in the world. Worms parasitize in the internal organs, attacking them and causing various diseases.
Parasite eggs enter the human body in a number of ways.
- Contact is one of the most common ways of entering the human body. Contagious worm diseases are transmitted when the rules of personal hygiene are not observed (unwashed hands).
- geohelminthiasis. The larvae get into the soil or water with the droppings of sick animals or through the transmission of insects. Flies are the main carrier of infection. Also, the source of invasion is direct contact with a sick animal through feces, saliva or wool.
- biohelminthiasis. Infection occurs via the alimentary route through food. Worm eggs enter the body through unwashed vegetables, fruit, and eggs. Eating insufficiently thermally processed meat, fish and seafood also leads to the invasion.
- transmission path. Some parasites enter the body through insect bites.
Signs of the appearance of worms
You can recognize the presence of a disease in a person by the following symptoms:
- itching in the anus;
- flatulence, flatulence;
- violation of the stool;
- allergic rashes on the body;
- weight changes;
- chronic fatigue.
If these signs appear, you should contact your doctor immediately, who will issue a referral for tests and diagnose the disease.
treatment of worms
It is not possible to immediately detect the presence of the disease. The latency period can last for years. After diagnosis, anthelmintic drugs are prescribed by a specialist who conducts a series of tests to identify the type of parasite and the stage of the disease. Specific treatment is prescribed for each type of parasite. Self-medication in this case is contraindicated. In the acute form of the disease, the doctor prescribes infusions, injections.
Anthelmintic treatment is not always effective, so after a few weeks the course of therapy is repeated. During treatment, part of the helminth worms die and come out with the feces.
Treatment of worms has an integrated approach, which includes immunotherapy and the use of antibacterial drugs. All family members should undergo a preventive regimen against helminthiasis.